is a popular and historic seaside town, port and civil parish in the Borough of Scarborough on the Yorkshire Coast.
Situated at the mouth of the River Esk, Whitby has a combined maritime, mineral and tourist heritage, and is home to the ruins of Whitby Abbey, where Caedmon the earliest English poet lived.Whitby fishing port
emerged during the Middle Ages and developed important herring and whaling fleets. Whitby was also where Captain Cook learned seamanship.
Whitby started to develop its tourism in Georgian times with the coming of the railway in 1839. Whitby's tourist interest is enhanced by its location, surrounded by the high ground of the North Yorkshire Moors and its position on the heritage Yorkshire coastline, as well as by its association with the horror novel Dracula.
Jet and Alum were mined locally around Whitby. Whitby Jet which was mined by the Romans and Victorians, and became fashionable during the 19th century.